The Risks Using Untreated Well Water

The quality of your drinking water can have a significant impact on your health, well-being, and the well-being of your family members. To be safe, well water must be maintained at levels that are consistent with local health standards. There are several reasons why untreated wellwater can become contaminated. There are many risks associated with using this water in your household, as it is not directly exposed.

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To ensure that well water is safe, it must be regularly tested and treated.


People may notice a strange odor coming from their wells. This could be a sign of water contamination. Sulfur bacteria, which is found in well water, can cause a gaseous reaction that makes it smell like spoiled eggs. While the odor is not harmful to well water sanitation it can be a sign that sulfur bacteria is present. Specialists agree that this smell cannot be attributed to the bacteria. Leakage of gas/oil storage tanks, sewage contamination, and soil pollution can all cause odors in well-water.

Taste and Discoloration

Water discoloration may occur in well water if it is not treated. Iron and manganese, along with their bitter taste, can cause water to turn a different color. If they are present in the well water they can cause scale to build up and high sodium levels will give the water a salty taste.

Metal Contamination

Low pH can lead to metal contamination. Corrosion of pipes can also occur, which leads to an increase in the level of dissolved copper and lead. You can also see discoloration of water due to pH imbalances, clay mineral deposits, soil deposits, or rust.

Microorganism Contamination

If well water is not treated, it could lead to the growth of gastrointestinal disease-causing microorganisms. Specialists have identified the following waterborne microbiological contaminants that can impact the quality and safety of untreated well water: bacteria like E.coli, viruses such as Hepatitis A and parasitic protozoa like Cryptosporidium lamblia, along with parasiticworms such helminths. These microorganisms can cause serious illness in both pets and humans.


Untreated water can cause arsenic pollution. According to the Maine Center for Disease Control and Prevention Arsenic can be found both in soils and in rocks. Because wells are underground, arsenic could seep into the water. Maine State has high levels of arsenic and well water must be tested. Arsenic contamination could cause stomach problems, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and other health issues like heart disease and damage to the nervous system.

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